||To test individual units or components of the code in isolation, such as functions, methods, or classes.
||XCTest (Xcode's built-in testing framework)
||Unit tests verify whether specific code units perform as expected, ensuring that changes or updates don't introduce regressions.
|User Interface Testing
||To verify the correctness of the app's user interface and interactions.
||XCTest (XCUITest for UI testing)
||UI tests simulate user interactions such as tapping buttons, entering text, and validating UI elements to ensure the app's user interface behaves as intended.
||To test the interactions between different components or modules within the app, such as databases, web services, or external APIs.
||XCTest or third-party tools such as EarlGrey or Appium
||Integration tests ensure that various parts of the app work together seamlessly and handle data flow correctly.
||To evaluate app performance, measure execution time, memory usage, and CPU consumption.
||XCTest or performance profiling tools in Xcode (Instruments).
||Performance tests identify bottlenecks, memory leaks, or other performance-related issues, allowing developers to optimize apps for better user experience.
||To ensure apps are accessible to users with disabilities, complying with accessibility standards (e.g., WCAG).
||XCTest with accessibility APIs or manual testing.
||Accessibility tests verify that assistive technologies work correctly and that app elements are properly labeled and navigable.
||To confirm that an app's localization (support for multiple languages) works correctly.
||Manual testing or automation tools.
||Localization tests check that text, images, and layouts adapt appropriately to different languages and regions.
||To manually explore the app for unexpected issues, usability problems, and edge cases.
||Exploratory testing involves exploring the app without scripted test cases, helping identify issues that might not be covered by automated tests.
|Beta Testing (User Testing)
||To gather feedback from real users before releasing the app to the App Store.
||Beta Testing involves the distribution of pre-release versions of an app to a group of external testers using services like TestFlight. User feedback and bug reports are collected to make improvements.
||To identify vulnerabilities and security weaknesses in apps.
||Frida, Objection, MobSF, etc.,
||Security testing includes penetration testing, code reviews, and vulnerability assessments to ensure that apps are secure against various threats.
|Load and Stress Testing
||To assess how apps perform under heavy loads and stressful conditions.
||LoadComplete, LoadRunner, etc.,
||Load testing tools simulate high user traffic and load conditions to evaluate how apps scale and whether they can handle peak usage without crashing or slowing down significantly.